Kyepka (Break test) * How to break a board * Why perform breaktests? * How to perform a breaktest * The physics behind a break test One of the four elements fo taekwondo (besides sparring, styleforms and self-defence) is the breaktest. It is a obligatory part of the black-belt exam and is s popular element of taekwondo demonstrations. Why? Breaking an object is a good way to practise concentration, power, focus, speed and precision on non-living objects, without injuring oneself or another. It is very important to realise that a proper technique is needed and a breaking technique within your limits, because without it you can easily injure yourself, sometimes even permanently! Practising breaking objects helps you to realise that your body itself is a very strong weapon. It also helps you to understand that during practise with a partner, you have to be very careful. How? The material that is most often used for breaking techniques is wood since it can be easily broken with either hand or foot. Other materials include bricks, tiles and sometimes even baseball bats! GM. Moon Breaking objects can be performed with any rigid part of the body. In taekwondo, the most common are the hand or the foot, but breaking can also be done by using the elbow, the knee and even the head. (The photo show GM Moon of the Hwalmoo Hapkido federation, performing a break-technique with his head) In order to break an object, it is best to start light. Use an object that is easy to break, instead of directly trying to break a thick board, and start with a technique in which you feel confident. Use your techniques as they are taught to you and try to be as releaxed as possible. When starting practising breaking techniques, it might help you to focus a few inches behind the actual point of impact. The physics behind a breaktest * Dry board are more brittle than wet ones and will break more easily * If a board does not reak, a large force is transmitted back to your body for a relative long time. This might hurt :o) * Break boards with the grain. It is much easier! * When breaking a board, make sure that the persons who hold the board have a firm grip. If the board moves during your technique, it will soften your technique. * other factors not coverd: angle of strike, size of attacking tool Impulse = force (delivered by the strength of t=your muscles) times time (delivered by the speed of your movement). (The second law of Newton). Therefor, the shorter your contact with the board, the bigger the force component will be and therefor, the easier the board will break. momentum = mass (weight) x velocity (speed in a certain direction), The change in momentum is the momentum when you hit the target minus the momentum whem you come to a stop, which is determined by weight and speed (== impulse??)/ The force applied to stop a movement determines how quickly it is stopped, since we can say the the mass used to create the momentum will not change. In order to break a board (or any kind of material), you must cause a shearing moment in the board that is larger than the critical moment for that type of material. When you try to break a board, the board itself is supported as both sides. If you perform your breaking technique well, you will hit the board in the center which leads to an equal distribution of force on the two parts. Both parts will supply a reverse force of half the initial force. When the force meets the board, the top of the board will be in a state of compression and the bottom will be in tension. This will produce a torque on an axis through the middle of the board. If the torque is great enough the board will break. Besides force other elements that are important are power and pressure. The thicker the board, the harder it is to break the board. That is why often multiple smaller boards instead of one thicker one are used. Copyright (c) 1994-2008 by Barry Nauta (barry_at_nauta_dot_be, http://www.barrel.net/ or http://www.nauta.be). Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "Copyleft". Joe McMaster's Full Review: Rebreakable Board Re-breakable Boards Most martial arts will have you break boards when you get to the upper levels of training. Most hard style martial arts require that you successfully break a few boards when testing for your black belt. While other martial arts spend a lot more time learning to focus and break all kinds of things including boards, bricks, rocks and even metal. The style the I have spent most of my time training in is Karate (Kenpo, Tang So Do & Chun Kuk Do). All three of these styles require learning board breaking at various levels of training. We used to break pine boards that were cut at varying thicknesses. Once the boards were broke they were useless for training. So Martial Arts studios went through a lot of boards. Then the re-breakable plastic boards came out. They work real good for training and specifically learning to break boards. They also save the students as well as the schools a good chunk of change. Features » Rounded Edges to Reduce Injuries » Weight & Flexibility are Similar to Boards » Safer than Wood Boards » Economically & Environmentally sound to use » Stackable For Power Breaking » Re-Usable Conclusion These Re-breakable boards come in various colors. Each color represents the strength of the board. Generally the lighter the color the easier it is to break and the darker the color the more strength it has. For instance white boards are the thinnest and break very easy. Generally used with young students. Some of the other thinner boards are yellow and orange. Then you get into the stronger boards; Green, Blue, Brown and Black. Each representing a thicker board. The Re-breakable boards are real easy to use. Each board is simply two pieces that snap together. You just push the broken board together with your hands then slam it on the floor to lock it into place. Then you have a new board ready to be struck, kicked or elbowed once again. These days Re-breakable boards can be found in most studios around the world. I think this product was a great addition to the martial arts training gear. Now any student can learn to focus and break boards with no additional costs. Furthermore these boards are very well built and tend to last a long time. That being said there is a lot more to breaking Re-breakable boards than meets the eye. You’ll need the proper training and partner to hold the boards before using this product. Otherwise you end up with broken knuckles, sprained wrists and lots of bruises. I would recommend these Re-breakable boards to any serious martial artists or hard style studio.